1. What is the obstacle clearance a pilot must maintain within 4 nm of mountainous terrain on an IFR flight that is cleared to operate VFR on top? A. 3,000’ AGL within any obstacles within 5 nm B. 2,000’ AGL within any obstacle within 4 nm C. 4,000’ AGL within any obstacle … Continued


No Air Up There Hypoxia Awareness   By Jennifer Caron, FAA Safety Briefing Magazine Copy Editor Mid-flight is not the time to learn about hypoxia, the medical term for oxygen deficiency. It doesn’t give you much warning, and if you don’t detect it early enough, it can be a real killer. Some pilots believe that … Continued


Introduction to Safety Risk Management     Risk management is a formalized way of dealing with hazards. It is a logical process of evaluation where you weigh the potential costs of a risk against the potential benefits you might receive, if you allowed that risk to stand uncontrolled. In order to better understand risk management, … Continued

AVEMCO Whitepapers

The Latest Disease for General Aviation By Gene Benson, Pilot & Aviation Educator Much like certain infectious diseases that ebb and flow over time, Loss of Directional Control, (LODC), has experienced a large outbreak in our pilot community.  There have been efforts to contain it, reduce its spread or eradicate it, but there is no … Continued


The Birth of Button-ology By Michael J. “Mick” Kaufman In thinking back to the days of rotating a knob to change a frequency and rotating the azimuth on a VOR indicator, it really was simple. All VORs were the same regardless of the manufacturer, whether it was King, Narco, Collins or Bendix. Button-ology came upon … Continued


“Every time I come here, I learn things.” Tom Tubbs Baron N3715C   “I’ve enjoyed the relationships with other pilots and particularly, the instructors They’re just ‘top shelf’ – and they have the experience. I don’t have to worry about trying to shop around to try and find some other type of training. I would … Continued


Mind Your Meds! By Dr. Susan Northrup, FAA Federal Air Surgeon Pilots often ask which medications are permissible for flight and where they can find this information. Let’s check out some of the top prescription medications in the United States (according to GoodRx.com) and review how we consider them for medical certification. Here’s a link to … Continued

Hank’s Handy Flying Hints

Taming the Big Bad Wolf (Crosswind Takeoffs and Landings) By Hank Canterbury Spring is here and that usually means a change in wind patterns and speeds.  Are you ready to handle them?  Like all flying skills, crosswind skills – and confidence in dealing with them –deteriorate from infrequent use. This month, let’s take a review … Continued


  1.  Arrange the choices on the right in order of priority with regard to right–of–way over other aircraft. a. Glider b. Airship c. Aircraft in distress d. Airplane or helicopter e. Balloon   2. Aerobatic flight is not allowed: a. Within 5 miles of any airport b. Within 2,000 feet of the surface c. … Continued


Fighting Fatigue By Dr. Leo Hattrup, FAA Medical Officer Over the years, I have talked to numerous pilots who have flown past a fix, missed calls from ATC, or felt startled to wake up after being asleep for seconds to minutes. A colleague relayed an experience as a military co-pilot. He was on a low-level … Continued